Electrohydraulics makes commercial vehicles more environmentally friendly
 Hydraulikaufzüge können hervorragend modernisiert werden.

written by Michael Pyper on Friday, June 24, 2022

EU regulations for road vehicles are becoming increasingly stringent.

To reduce CO2 emissions, mechanical V-belts or power take-offs may not exist on future commercial vehicles. Energy-efficient electrohydraulic systems provide an alternative.

 

Truck mounted loading cranes are today powered by the diesel engine. On the other hand, the electro-hydraulic power take-off “eh-PTO” of an electrified truck, is connected directly to the battery.

 

Regulations demand change

The facts are on the table: in 2019, the EU Parliament decided to reduce CO2 emissions from heavy commercial vehicles by 30 percent compared with 2005 levels and to achieve this by 2030. The first 15 percent must be achieved by 2025, i.e. in just three years, otherwise penalties will be imposed. Their amounts have not yet been determined, but they are likely to be painful. However, only road-going trucks are affected. Vehicles such as garbage collection and municipal vehicles, or trucks with loading cranes are initially exempt from the regulation. But in the current year 2022, the EU Commission will discuss how to proceed in this area. 

 

In view of the increasingly dramatic climate changes, the regulations are likely to be noticeably strict. The report "Study of the Potential for Energy/Cost Saving in Fluid Power", available for download free of charge from www.umweltbundesamt.de, commissioned by the German Federal Environment Agency has identified and evaluated various measures for construction and agricultural machinery. Applying the lessons of this report to these vehicles, the avoidance of idling periods and the demand-based control of auxiliary actuators are particularly promising.

 

No more power take-offs in the future

If the EU regulations regarding CO2 emissions are actually extended to other commercial vehicles, manufacturers of auxiliary units would be particularly affected. These auxiliary units include cooling water pumps or air-conditioning compressors, but also add-on equipment for municipal work functions or loading cranes. In conventional PTOs (power take-offs), hydraulic pumps are connected to the truck engine mechanically via a gearbox, a PTO shaft or a V-belt, and run continuously. In the rarest of cases, they can be disconnected by couplings. In the past, the truck add-on equipment in particular was rigorously trimmed for initial cost. This often meant the most basic technology, with power losses of 50 to 75 percent – incidentally, the reason why truck-mounted loading cranes, are often equipped with large oil coolers.

Smaller auxiliary functions also need an eh-PTO, because the vehicle’s traction drive is optimized for energy-efficient driving.

 

Diesel engines for trucks are optimized for driving at 80 km/h (50 mph) on the highway, where they operate very efficiently at low speed and high load. To generate the high flow rate required in stationary use (e.g. for loading work), the engine speed is increased - this is not only noisy, but also inefficient, as the engine then works at an unfavorable operating point, with poor combustion and high specific fuel consumption.

To reduce fuel consumption and thus the emissions of environment and climate-relevant gases, vehicle manufacturers are removing power take-offs from their product ranges in the future. Compressors, fans, steering and hydraulic pumps will be driven electrically using the "power on demand" principle, with no direct connection to the engine.

Smart PowerPack with internal speed set point

Electrification of the hydraulic power take-offs enables the use of power-on-demand exactly when it is needed. Hydraulics cannot be eliminated, as it is indispensable for linear movements with high force. However, the hydraulic system has to become more efficient in order to prevent costly power losses.

Bucher Hydraulics has developed the new Smart PowerPack for utility vehicles with precisely this goal in mind. The required speed set point is generated internally. This is the key for energy optimized operation. Information on the application's current flow requirement is not necessary. As a result, the Smart PowerPack solutions from Bucher Hydraulics can be freely combined with all commercially available hydraulic control systems.

 
 

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